Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anders. [family ACANTHACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa . EEB Greenhouse Accession Data for Acanthus montanus. Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson (Acanthaceae) is a shrub widespread in Africa, the Balkans, Romania, Greece and Eastern.

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EEB Greenhouses assume no responsibility for adverse effects from the use of any plants referred to on jontanus site. Louis area where they should be grown in greenhouses, conservatories or montansu houseplants.

This accession has been observed in bloom on: Plants grow monntanus ‘ tall when in flower. It also inhibited vascular permeability induced by acetic acid in mice and the haemolysis of ox RBCs induced by heat- and hypotonicity.

This study was undertaken to experimentally evaluate the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of the root extract as well as its effect on phagocytosis and specific cell-mediated immune response which may underlie the usefulness of the roots in treatment of furuncles.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Acanfhus montanus. Acanthus montanus commonly called mountain thistle is a shrubby, spreading perennial that is grown as much for its attractive foliage as for its architecturally bold flower spikes. Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening. Views Read Edit View history. In southeastern Nigeria, the root is popular and acclaimed highly effective in the treatment of furuncles.

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Acanthus montanus

Deeply lobed, ovate to lanceolate, spiny, dark green leaves to 12″ long with acuminate tips and silvering are both showy and ornamental. Remove flowering stalks after bloom. Plants may not flower well in too much shade.


It has been used against rheumatism and some diuretic action is also mentioned. Plants grow to ‘ tall when in flower.

West African Plants

Phytochemical tests on the extract revealed an abundant presence of alkaloids and carbohydrates while saponins, glycosides, and terpenoids occurred in trace amounts. This plant is used for ornamental and medicinal purposes. Also evaluated were the effects on in vivo leukocyte migration induced by agar, phagocytic activity of macrophages on Candida albicans and specific cell-mediated immune responses delayed type hypersensitivity reaction DTHR induced by sheep red blood cell SRBC.

It is used in African traditional medicine for the treatment of urogenital infections, urethral pain, endometritis, urinary disease, cystitis, leucorrhoea, aches and pains.

Its aggressive roots make this plant perfect for slopes. Acanthus montanus Nees T. Wikispecies has information related to Acanthus montanus. This article includes a list of referencesrelated reading or external linksmonanus its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. No serious insect or disease problems.

Where winter montwnus, this is a bold, stately plant that may be grown as a specimen but is perhaps best sited in small groupings. Genus name comes from the Greek word akantha meaning spine in reference to the toothed edges on leaves in some species. This page was last edited on 20 Marchat Two-lipped, snapdragon-like, pink to rose flowers bloom in summer acanthu upright flower spikes to 10″ long which rise from the branch ends.


Plants are evergreen in warm winter locations, but leaves will show considerable damage in colder winters near the northern edge of the growing range. The aqueous mntanus extract obtained by hot water maceration of the root powder was studied for effects on the growth of clinically isolated strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus.

Acanthus montanus – Wikipedia

Acanthus montanus Nees T. Plants are best propagated from root cuttings taken in early spring, but may be grown from seed. Always seek advice from a professional before using any plant medicinally. The Plant List Plants tolerate a montabus range acantgus soils except poorly-drained ones. The anti-inflammatory activity was investigated using acute topical edema of the mouse ear induced by xylene, acute paw edema induced by agar in rats, formaldehyde arthritis in rats, vascular permeability induced by acetic acid in mice and heat- and hypotonicity-induced montqnus of ox red blood cells RBCs.

Additional images for this accession: Specific epithet means pertaining to mountains. Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it may be grown in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Snails and slugs are occasional visitors that can do substantial damage if left unchecked. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Plants can spread invasively by creeping rootstocks, particularly in loose soils.