Principles of Atoric Lens Design – Laramy-K Optical. Views. 4 years ago. Lens, · Lenses, · Aspheric, · Atoric, · Cylinder, · Meridian, · Spherical. free-form back surface aspheric/atoric design with a spherical front surface to % of the aspheric/atoric design is surfaced on the back side of the lens. Jan 21, I have one question about those above topics What is the difference between aspheric, toric and atoric (for glasses, not for contact lenses).

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The dioptric difference between the actual focal point of the lens and its desired focal point is the power error of the lens.

Toric lens – Wikipedia

Recall that amount of oblique astigmatism produced by a lens depends on the relationship between the front and back surfaces or lens form. Dual-surface lenses employ a factory-molded progressive surface with a portion of the total addition power on the front and a free-form surfaced progressive surface with the remaining addition power that has been combined with the prescription curves on the back; the progressive optics are split between both lens surfaces.

Many aspheric surfaces are made by rotating special curves, called conic sections, around their axis of symmetry.

Lens aberrations manifest themselves as departures from the desired prescription. These lenses are typically available in 12 addition powers per eye, in up to a desgn materials, resulting in hundreds of lens blanks for each base curve offered.

This difference in surface curvature and power produces surface astigmatismwhich means that the surface literally produces cylinder power away from its center.

It turns out that the form of a lens will have a significant impact on the clarity of peripheral vision experienced by the wearer. Historically, spectacle lenses fall into either one of two general categories of lens form: While aspheric lenses do not provide better vision than best form lenses, they do provide equivalent vision in a flatter, thinner, and lighter lens. However, oblique astigmatism only occurs when the wearer looks through the lens at an angle hence, “oblique” or through the peripheral regions of the lens.


Unlike the change in curvature away from the center of an aspheric lens surface, which remains the same through every radial meridian of the lens, the change in curvature away from the center of an atoric lens surface varies from meridian to meridian.

Consequently, in contrast with a popular assumption, the toric lens is not an ellipsoid of revolution. Demonstrate how progressive designs are better delivered when using a computer engine that can optimize Rxs and patient wearing conditions.

Using free-form surfacing, a laboratory can directly surface a variety of lens designs directly onto a semi-finished lens blank in addition to the prescription curves. Toric lenses are used primarily in eyeglassescontact lenses and intraocular lenses to correct astigmatism. Lens TalkVol.

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The best form lens design, on the other hand, offers a wide, clear field of vision. For plus lenses, flat lenses use desugn convex curves for both the front and back i. Nevertheless, the differences in optical performance due only to the placement of the progressive optics are generally small.

Originally Posted by chip anderson.

Today, their technology has evolved into a powerful optical design engine that performs complex calculations online in a centralized server computer using parameters supplied by the eyecare professional. Since a flatter plate height brings the back surface closer to the eye, the minification associated with minus lenses is also reduced slightly.

Unfortunately, the Petzval surface is generally flatter than the far-point sphere. Geometrical optics Corrective lenses. Don’t feed the Beast The recommended “best form” base curve for a atoricc prescription can be approximated using Vogel’s formulas.


With modern desiyn design, grinding and polishing techniques, good vision corrections can be achieved for even wider angles of view by allowing certain deviations from the toric shape. The first five lens aberrations are referred to as the monochromatic aberrationssince they occur independently of color.

Consequently, the inherent unwanted astigmatism of progressive lenses is not significantly influenced by placement of the progressive optics Figure 2.

A “short-corridor” version of the design doubles the total number of lens dsign needed. This is sometimes referred to as “astigmatism due to lens tilt.

Toric lens

Aspheric lenses allow lens designers to produce lenses that are considerably flatter, thinner, and lighter in weight than conventional best form lenses. Consequently, different manufacturers may have slightly different base curve recommendations for their lenses. Essentially, the difference in surface power on an aspheric surface cancels out the difference in off-axis focal power produced through the lens by oblique astigmatism. Ideally, aspheric lenses should be optimized for each individual focal power.

Vision and Lens Design. Tscherning’s ellipse is the locus of points that plot out the two recommended front curves for each lens focal power.

Tangential and Sagittal Errors. For minus lenses, flat lenses use either concave curves for both the front and back i. Manufacturers resign produce a series of semi-finished lens atorkc, each with its own base curve. As the eye rotates vertically and horizontally behind the lens, the far-point moves with the eye at a fixed distance from its center of rotation C. Thereby attempting to either compensate for spherical abberattions or have a progressive focal length. This page was last edited on 6 Julyat