Fundamentos da Clínica by Paul Bercherie, , Jorge Zahar edition, Paperback in Portuguese – 1 edition. Paul Bercherie Los fundamentos de la clínica. 1 like. Book. Fundamentos de La Clinica: Paul Bercherie: Books – Amazon. ca.
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Bleulerp. It became the dominant notion of psychiatry, while at the same time it established the prevalent idea of mental illness as a deficit.
Additionally, the fact that any multinational company eager to get its medications approved for the American market must present effectiveness and safety testing according to these same requirements finally led to global compliance with the new manual, promoting the global expansion of American psychiatry at the expense of the French and German traditions which had constituted psychiatry up to this point.
The third consequence, which we will discuss in detail, is the reduction of psychosis to schizophrenia; in other words, schizophrenia became the only condition which is currently recognized as psychotic. Our emphasis lies in its recent transformations in terms of the description and classification of diseases and their consequences for the comprehension of the major mental illness, psychosis.
To prevent this, the practical and theoretical knowledge constructed around and based upon the notion of psychosis must continue to be developed for those who are interested in madness, not as a syndrome or a disorder that can be regulated, but as a phenomenon that illuminates the fundamentals of the human condition, and touches its limits and contradictions.
Fundamentos da Clínica ( edition) | Open Library
The division between neurosis and psychosis is abandoned, as it implies an act clinicz naming that extends beyond an empirical statement: By emphasizing the criteria for evolution and prognosis introducing the dimension of the course of the disease over timeKraepelin: By reducing psychosis to a deficit-type condition or to the occurrence of accessory delusions and hallucinations, not only a clinical ignorance of this condition created, but an operation is produced that separates it from our own condition.
We can say that the strength of the concept forced the DSM to include it again. The discussion on etiology and psychodynamics is abandoned in favor of points of consensus, the symptoms that would supposedly be seen by any observer. The patients being tested must be diagnosed in a homogeneous manner.
Os fundamentos da clínica: história e estrutura do saber psiquiátrico – ScienceOpen
The functional adjustment itself is positive, but the clinical reading of psychotic phenomena as a kind of signature of the subject cannot be left out.
It can be said that throughout the twentieth century, these three disorders characterized bsrcherie field of psychiatry. Psicopatologia e semiologia dos transtornos mentais.
Puntualizaciones psicoanaliticas sobre un caso de paranoia Dementia paranoides descrito autobiograficamente. Freud himself never had a regular practice with psychotic patients. The extreme objectification of diagnostic categories has led to a proliferation of categories. The stated intention of these modifications was to create as much consensus as possible in psychiatric classifications, regardless of which school the psychiatrist followed. If inPereira p. It begs the question: Mental disorders are usually associated with significant distress or disability in social, occupational, or other important activities APA,p.
Accomplishment of this task, initially, demands maintaining the distinction between neurosis and psychosis as designating two ways for a subject to constitute himself or herself and to respond to life. It is a diagnosis of convenience, assumedly transitory, and openly disclaims deductions about deep functioning.
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition, DSM An important line of criticism concerns the following: Regarding to paranoia, as it was considered until that time, it encompassed all the psychoses in which there was chronic delirium, whether accompanied by other changes or not, and regardless of evolution.
In this sense, our approach lies within psychiatric doctrine and the dialog between psychoanalysis and psychiatry, although it does not neglect to consider and mention the convergence of economic and social processes which have contributed to the transformations we discuss.
A syndrome is a set of signs and symptoms that manifest in the occurrence of disease. The explicit goal is to be supported by global consensus. Psychosis or psychoses was understood to mean maniac-depressive psychosis, paranoia, and schizophrenia.
For an initial approach, we refer to Postelp. The near-ubiquity of schizophrenia in the current psychiatric clinic of psychosis, particularly in the field of mental health, forces us to use this category to address patients and clinical developments that, in some situations, would be fundamenntos better elucidated by other references of the psychiatric tradition.
Fundamentos da Clínica
This new inflection represented a paradigm shift, weakening the description of mental illnesses lls on assumptions we could call psychodynamic in favor of a physicalist approach to mental pathology. Nouvelles perspectives pour le diagnostic psychiatrique: In this last sense, the psychotic phenomena presented by a patient, unlike being without order we allude here to the term disordershould be read as a production with its own logic and which makes a subject singular, different from others.
How each one tells us about the way he or she faces their issues. This should call the limits of this type of manual into question. The characteristic disturbances in the affect and way of berdherie that we have already covered are also mentioned, and are detailed in a very classical manner.
Regarding psychoanalysis, here we refer to the situation left by Freud, who despite maintaining a theoretical and clinical interest in psychosis, considered betcherie inaccessible for psychoanalysis.
The implications are clear: Russo and Venancio observed that it was not just the professional field that adhered to the DSM. It was probably his interest in deciphering order and meaning where xe tended to see disorder that led Freud to grant a higher status as paranoia in the field of psychosis in other words, to organized delusion to the detriment of schizophrenia which implied disorganization, dissociation, deterioration.
In this meaning, psychosis demarcated the specific field of psychiatry, its most suitable object. Unlike Freud, Lacan was a psychiatrist and entered psychoanalysis through the psychosis clinic. Nuevas puntualizaciones sobre las neuropsicosis de defensa. Culture and society also followed suit. We will recall its fundamental bases that are sufficient for the argument we are pursuing here. Kraepelin made these similarities prevail over the phenomenological differences.
This established the terms psychosis and neurosis as antonyms, each hosting a certain group of psychological diseases.
The first line, the one of the dissociation, consists of the breakdown of life related to the psyche, the internal discordance of psychological phenomena.