Bahia de Minamata Índice Lugar Historia Consecuencias Enfermedad de Minamata Bioacumulación del mercurio. Medidas del gobierno. Minamata disease is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. . Enseñanzas de la Enfermedad de Minamata y el Manejo del http :// Enfermedad cardiovascular. Exposición contaminado en la bahía de Minamata (Japón). Una em- presa química vertía directamente en el agua de la bahía.

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One woman was visited personally by a Chisso executive and harassed by her neighbours. As of March2, victims had been officially certified 1, of whom have died [2] and over 10, people had received financial compensation from Chisso, [3] although they were not recognised as official victims. Although contagion was later disproved, this initial response contributed to the stigmatisation and discrimination experienced by Minamata victims from the local community.

Minamata disease, Japan | EJAtlas

During its investigations, enfermeda committee uncovered surprising anecdotal evidence of the strange behaviour of cats and other wildlife in the areas surrounding df homes. Minamata disease patients last appeared inand the outbreak has ended. Botulism Campylobacter jejuni Clostridium perfringens Escherichia coli O The disease developed without any prior warning, with patients complaining of a loss of sensation and numbness in their hands and feet.

Fisheries were damaged in terms of reduced catches, and in response, Chisso reached two separate compensation agreements with the fishery cooperative in and The highest concentrations centred around the Chisso factory wastewater canal in Hyakken Harbour and decreased going out to sea, clearly vahia the plant as the source of contamination.

In extreme cases, insanityparalysiscomaand death follow within weeks of the onset of symptoms.

Malaltia de Minamata

The years between the first set of “sympathy money” agreements in and the start of the first legal action to be taken against Chisso in are often called the “ten years of silence”. Instead of accepting the agreement as they had promised, the arbitration group asked for increases. The presumption that the defendant had been negligent from beginning to end in discharging wastewater from its acetaldehyde plant is amply supported. Chisso’s Illegal Acts[32] published in Augustformed the basis of the ultimately successful lawsuit.


The most famous and striking photo of the essay, Tomoko Uemura in Her Bath shows Ryoko Uemura, holding her severely deformed daughter, Tomoko, in a Japanese bath chamber.

The certification committee convened on 29 November and agreed that the two dead children and the 16 children still alive should be certified as patients, and therefore liable for “sympathy” payments from Chisso, in line with the agreement. This culminated in with the establishment in Minamata of the Citizens’ Council for Minamata Disease Countermeasures, which was to become the chief citizens’ support group to the Minamata patients.

Minamata disease

An arbitration committee was duly set up by the Ministry of Health and Welfare on 25 April, but it took almost a year to draw up a draft compensation plan. They required that patients must exhibit all symptoms of Hunter-Russell syndrome — the enrermedad diagnosis of organic mercury poisoning at the time — which originated from an industrial accident in the United Kingdom in The people directly impacted by the pollution of Minamata Bay were not originally allowed to participate in actions that would affect their future.

Biological warfare Minmaata Food safety Hazard symbol List of extremely hazardous substances Mutagen Occupational safety and health.

Despite bad weather, the service was attended by over people, including Chisso chairman Shunkichi Goto and Environment Minister Yuriko Koike. On the day of the signing, the Minamata Citizens’ Council held a protest outside the Minamata factory gates.

The animal effects were severe enough in cats that they came to be named as having “dancing cat fever”. The photo was very widely published. Since the change of route of wastewater output inpollution had spread up and down the Shiranui Sea, damaging fisheries there, too. What was not known at the time was that exactly the opposite is the case with methylmercury: Rather than being a council of medical recognition, the decisions of the council were always affected by the economic and political factors surrounding Minamata and the Chisso corporation.


Devon colic Swill milk scandal Bradford sweets poisoning English beer poisoning Morinaga Milk arsenic poisoning incident Minamata disease Iraq poison grain disaster Toxic oil syndrome Jack in the Box E. Retrieved from ” https: Money, Politics and PoisonIsland Press, p. On May 1, the hospital director reported to the local public health office the discovery of an ” epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system “, marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.

His photographs cover the years to the present, with Minamata victims as bahja subjects.

Finally on 26 September — 12 years after the discovery of the disease and four months after Chisso had stopped production of acetaldehyde using its mercury catalyst — the government issued an official conclusion as to the cause of Minamata disease:. Aquatic toxicology Ecotoxicology Occupational toxicology Entomotoxicology Environmental toxicology Forensic toxicology Medical toxicology In vitro toxicology Toxicogenomics.

Large quantities of mercury bahiz detected in fish, shellfish, and sludge from the bay.

In an attempt to undermine Kumamoto University researchers’ organic mercury theory, Chisso and other parties with a vested interest that the factory remain open including the Ministry of International Trade and Industry and the Japan Chemical Industry Association funded research into alternative causes of the disease, other than its own waste. The original Minamata disease and Niigata Minamata disease are considered two of the four big pollution diseases of Japan.

Many felt vindicated in their long struggle to force Chisso to accept responsibility for causing the disease and expressed thanks that their plight had been recognised by their social superiors.