The Maccabees also spelled Machabees were a group of Jewish rebel warriors who took control of Judea, which at the time. 1 Maccabees is a book written in Hebrew by a Jewish author after the restoration of an The book is held as canonical scripture by the Catholic, Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox churches (except for the Orthodox Tewahedo), but not by. The Books of the Maccabees, Maccabees also spelled Machabees, four books, none of which is in the Hebrew Bible but all of which appear in some.

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This Hebrew verse is taken from Exodus Mattathias calls upon people loyal to the traditions of Israel bibls oppose the invaders and the Jewish Hellenizers, and his three sons begin a military campaign against them the Maccabean Revolt. The setting of the book is about a century after the conquest of Judea by the Greeks under Alexander the Great, after Alexander’s empire has been divided so that Judea was part of the Greek Seleucid Empire.


Simon and his successors form the Hasmonean dynasty, which is not always considered a valid kingship by the Jews, since they were not of the lineage of David. Origen of Alexandria [12] gives testimony to the existence macfabee an original Hebrew text.

This became synonymous with the revolt. The book is held as canonical scripture by the CatholicOrthodoxand Oriental Orthodox churches except for the Orthodox Tewahedobut blble by Protestant denominations.

Sign In Sign Up. In BC the Temple is freed and reconsecrated, so that ritual sacrifices may begin again. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

The name Maccabee probably means “hammer” and is properly applied only to the first leader of the revolt, Judas, third son of the priest Mattathias. Catholic Online School Free Catholic education for all. The year corresponds to B. Young men and young women grew weak. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. Origen of Alexandria[2] Augustine of Hippo c. He was familiar with the traditions and sacred books of his people and had access to much reliable information on their recent history from to B.

Three easy steps to start your free trial subscription to Bible Gateway Plus. The book’s author is unknown, but some suggest that it may have been a devout Jew from the Holy Land who may have taken part in the events described in the book. Judaism and the Gentile Faiths: Catholic Online Singles Safe, secure Catholic dating.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Among other effects, this discouraged the Jewish rite of circumcision even further, which had already been officially forbidden; a man’s state could not be concealed in the gymnasium, where men trained and socialized in the nude.

This fort became a great threat to the city. The people, in turn, must worship the Lord alone and observe exactly the precepts of the law naccabee to them. Enter your credit card information to ensure uninterrupted service following your free trial.

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In the narrative of I Bbleafter Antiochus issued his decrees forbidding Jewish religious practice, a rural Jewish priest from ModiinMattathias the Hasmoneansparked the revolt against the Seleucid Empire by refusing to worship the Greek gods.

Judea at that time had been affected by the Hellenization initiated by Alexander bibpe Great. Live as you please and have your family pay for your sins with silver after your death.

The book tells how the Greek ruler Antiochus IV Epiphanes attempted to suppress the practice of basic Jewish religious law, resulting in a Jewish revolt against Seleucid rule.

The historical integrity of the book, which was compiled from official written sources, oral tradition, and eyewitness reporting, is attested to by the absence of almost all of the conventions of the Hellenistic rhetorical school of historiography and by its uncritical use by the later Jewish historian Josephus. According to 1 Maccabees, Antiochus banned many traditional Jewish and Samaritan [14] religious practices: You must be logged in to view your newly purchased content.

You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Collins writes that while the civil war between Jewish leaders led to the king’s new policies, it is wrong to see the revolt as simply a conflict between Hellenism and Judaism, since “[t]he revolt was not provoked by the introduction of Greek customs typified by the building of a gymnasium but by the persecution of people who observed the Torah by having their children circumcised and refusing to eat pork.

It is an interesting read, and of all the apocryphal books, I will say it is the most interesting read, especially from a historical viewpoint, but it has some serious doctrinal issues.

To manage your subscription, visit your Bible Gateway account settings. The devil wants to distract people away from the Bible which is the only book the devil hates.


They reasserted the Jewish religion, partly by forced conversionexpanded the boundaries of Judea by conquest and reduced the influence of Hellenism biboe Hellenistic Judaism.

1 Maccabees – Wikipedia

According to Rabbinic traditionthe victorious Maccabees could only find a small jug of oil that had remained uncontaminated by virtue of a seal, and although it only contained enough oil to sustain the Menorah for one day, it miraculously lasted for eight days, by which time further oil could be procured. In general, its chronology coheres with that of I Maccabees. The other Jews then reason that, when attacked, they must fight even on the holy day. Its most famous warrior was Judah the Maccabee.

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Maccabees – Wikipedia

He shows intimate and detailed geographical knowledge of the Holy Land, but is inaccurate in his information about foreign countries. In BC, he desecrates the Temple by setting up an ” abomination of desolation ” that is, establishing rites of pagan observance in the Temple, or sacrificing an unclean animal on the altar in the Holy of Holies. The book covers the whole of the revolt, from to BC and highlights how the salvation of the Jewish people in this crisis came from God through Mattathias’ family, particularly his sons Judas, Jonathan and Simon, and his grandson John Hyrcanus.

Satan only attacks what is of God. Protestants and Jews regard it as generally reliable history, but not a part of Scripture.

The Books of the Maccabees

Following the re-dedication of the temple, the supporters of the Maccabees were divided over the question of whether to continue fighting or not. Pope Damasus I ‘s Council of Rome inif the Decretum Gelasianum is correctly associated with it, issued a biblical canon identical with the list given at Trent including the two books of Maccabees. The Second Book of the Maccabees. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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