Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.
|Published (Last):||3 January 2010|
|PDF File Size:||12.19 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.71 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Inaccurate information from various reports is still propagated on its distribution [ 6 ] and host plant range [ 1213 ].
Busseola fusca – Wikipedia
GM maize will be approved for control of several lepidopteran stem borer species in Africa within the next few years. In older plants their feeding can damage can reduce grain production. This busseols an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in busseo,a medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The larval stage lasts between fuscq and 50 days [ 182930 ] and consists of 7—8 instars with a minimum of 6 [ 2331 ]. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. In addition, the balance of sucrose and turanose in leaves influences the host plant choice made by the larvae. Stem borers on sorghum.
Busseola fusca (Fuller) – Maize Stalk Borer
M, van Hamburg H. In addition, Vandermeer [ ] lists the bussoela enemy hypothesis in which the intercrop attracts more parasitoids and predators. Most males emerge before onset of the scotophase, while most females do so one hour later [ 3037 ].
Busseola segeta also occurs in maize in Western Kenya [ 71 ] and B.
A single spermatophore is generally sufficient to fertilize all eggs of a female throughout her life span [ 36 ], indicating that polyandry is not obligatory and not necessary. The period of oviposition is extended in grain sorghum, possibly due to tillering, which provided leaf sheaths of suitable tightness over bksseola longer period of crop development than in maize [ 89 ].
After landing, the cuticular chemical composition of the plant surface conditions the host plant acceptance by the ovipositing females.
The intercropping of miaze with non-host plants did not affect larval parasitism Chabi Olaye et al. Gohole studied the effect of intercropping maize and sorghum with molasses grass on the foraging behaviour of stem borer parasitoids but concluded that there was no enhancement and that the molasses grass seemed to be more important to the herbivore than to the parasitoids.
Detection methods African maize stalkborer infestations may be detected by walking through young crops looking for characteristic feeding marks on funnel leaves, the presence of dead hearts and holes in tunnelled stems.
Noctuidae by Chilo partellus Lepidoptera: Van Rensburg and colleagues [ 24 ] noted that leaf sheaths fitted more loosely around stems as plants gets older, and that females preferred the sheaths of youngest unfolded leaves for oviposition. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 77 2: However, screening of more than a sorghum breeding lines for resistance to B.
Host plants and reproductive behaviour in the African maize stemborer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Dominant Inheritance of field-evolved resistance to Bt corn in Busseola fusca. Biological Control, 28 3: Larvae can remain in the whorls of especially bussepla plants 6—8 weeks old up to the 4th instar [ 28 ].
Kudhibiti funza wa mabua kwa kuotesha njegere katika shamba la mahindi.
Busseola fusca (Fuller)
This was also shown for Chilo partellus Swinhoe Lepidoptera: Host range for stemborers and associated natural enemies in different farming systems of Kenya. Distribution and seasonal incidence of some major insect pests of sorghum in Burkina Faso.
Pyralidae on maize in South Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86 5: Although Kfir [ 46 ] speculated that B. Noctuidae and Chilo partellus Swinhoe Lepidoptera: Home Publications Conferences Register Contact.
The low degree of damage caused by stem busaeola larvae to whorl leaves of wild hosts indicates that they do not feed in whorls for extended periods of time [ 91 ].
Reproductive biology of Bt -resistant and susceptible field-collected larvae of the maize stem borer, Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: